Physical and Chemical Properties of Caffeine:
• Form: Solid
• Chemical Formula: C14H22N2O
• Color: White
• Odor: Odorless
• Molar Mass: 288.8 g/mol
• pH: 4.5-5 (in water at 5g/l, 20°C)
H302: Harmful if swallowed. – Rinse mouth and drink plenty of water.
P264: Wash thoroughly after handling.
P270: Do not eat, drink, or smoke while using the product.
P301+P312: IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor if you feel unwell.
P330: Rinse mouth.
P501: Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.
Storage: Store in dry and cool places in tightly closed containers, protected from sunlight
information contained below is informative, scientific and research. The product is intended for professional use.
Lidocaine is used in various fields of medicine and dentistry, including during surgical procedures, catheter insertion, blood sampling, and to alleviate pain associated with injuries and burns. Lidocaine is also used to relieve throat and oral cavity pain, as well as to alleviate pain and discomfort from minor injuries, skin irritations, sunburns, and insect bites. Lidocaine is available in different forms such as creams, ointments, gels, aerosols, and liquids. Depending on the form, lidocaine can be applied to different areas of the body, including the skin, mucous membranes, and oral cavity.
How does lidocaine work?
Lidocaine works by blocking sodium channels on the cell membranes of nerves. As a result of this blockade, lidocaine prevents the transmission of nerve impulses from the area where it is applied to the brain, resulting in temporary loss of sensation and reduction of pain. Lidocaine primarily blocks sodium channels, which are necessary for the transmission of nerve impulses. These channels are open during the conduction of a nerve impulse and allow the flow of sodium ions into the nerve cell, causing depolarization of the cell membrane. This depolarization triggers the process of nerve impulse transmission to the nerve cells along the nerve. By blocking sodium channels, lidocaine inhibits the depolarization of the cell membrane, thus preventing the transmission of nerve impulses.
Uses of lidocaine
Lidocaine is widely used in medicine as a local anesthetic. It is used in various fields of medicine, including dentistry, anesthesiology, cardiology, dermatology, surgery, orthopedics, and other specialties. In dentistry, lidocaine is used for tooth anesthesia during root canal treatment or tooth extraction. In dermatology, lidocaine is used for skin anesthesia before various procedures such as mole removal or other skin lesions. Lidocaine is also used in the treatment of neuropathic pain, sciatica, post-traumatic pain, musculoskeletal pain, and other painful conditions. Furthermore, lidocaine is used in veterinary medicine as an anesthetic for animals and in cosmetics as an ingredient in some depilatory creams or for pain relief after depilation.
Lidocaine is available in various forms, including sprays, which make its application easy and convenient. Lidocaine spray can be used to relieve pain and discomfort associated with various procedures such as surgical interventions, catheter insertion, blood sampling, as well as to alleviate throat and oral cavity pain. It is also used to alleviate pain related to minor injuries, skin irritations, and sunburns. Lidocaine spray acts quickly and effectively, making it commonly used in situations where immediate pain relief is needed. The use of lidocaine spray is particularly popular in dentistry, where it is used to anesthetize the oral cavity before tooth drilling or other dental procedures.
Lidocaine is available in various forms, including gel, which can be applied directly to the skin or mucous membranes to relieve pain. Lidocaine gels are used in various medical and dental procedures, including surgical interventions, catheter insertion, blood sampling, as well as in the treatment of pain associated with skin diseases such as sunburn, hives, or eczema. Lidocaine gels are also used in the treatment of neuropathic pain, which is caused by damage or disease of the nervous system. The anesthetic effects last for about 30-60 minutes, depending on the dosage and the area where the gel is applied.